The magnificent house, thought by some to be the equal of Jefferson's
"Monticello", was built after the farm passed from the Garnett family,
and after their house burned. She (they) commented that the home was
beautifully furnished throughout with antiques and that she (they)
felt Mrs. Stellinus was kind to allowing her butler to show her (them)
through the house.
From Notes on Culpeper County, Virginia, page 58 by Raleigh
Travers Green, 1958:
"The Garnett Family: The chief seat of this family in Virginia was the
County of Essex where many of this name occupied high positions and
filled many places of public trust.......... The first of the name in
Culpepper was Anthony Garnett, who came from Essex, ..... Anthony
Garnett, was a vestryman, church warden, and lay reader of St. Mark's
Parish from 1758. He lived at the Horse Shoe, where Joseph Wilmer, Jr.
now resides, and when there was no minister of the parish, was in the
habit of burying the dead with the church service. He married Mrs.
Bowler (Miss Jones), and his children were Robin (Robert), who moved
to Kentucky and died in his 98th year. ...James, son of Anthony, was
minister of Crooked Run Church. He married Miss Rowe and was the
father of Edmund, who was the father the late Rev. James Garnett,
whose sons Jole, Absalom, and Franklin, and Daughter Tabitha, still
survive. John, son of Anthony, who moved to Kentucky. Thomas married
Miss Hawkins. Reuben, son of Anthony, married Miss Tyman, and was the
father of the venerable Miss Tabitha Garnett, who like her namesake in
the Bible, is kind to the poor. Lucy married a Tinsley. Sally married
a Stepp, and Betsy married William Willis of Culpeper, the father of
the late Isaac Willis of Indian Town, Orange County.
From "The Genealogy and Story of the Family of Robert Kirtley Garnett"
by Harriet Elizabeth Garnett Hobble and Charles Hunter Garnett,
Writing about "The Horseshoe" plantation:
"The Horseshoe gets its name from its shape, which is formed by the
Robinson and Rapidan Rivers into a horseshoe. It is part of the large
grant by the English Crown to Governor Alexander Spotswood and here
Governor Spotswood camped when he took his Knights of the Golden
Horseshoe over the mountains."
They tract the various transactions involving this property, from the
deeds listed above when Anthony Garnett acquired it, until owner
Edward Stettinius Jr., who purchased it in 1934. Briefly, Anthony
Garnett sold or gave it to his son Robert Garnett in 1794. Part of the
estate also went to Anthony's son Reuben in 1794. In 1824, Robert
Garnett sold it to Isaac Willis. Isaac was married to his 1st cousin
Anne Garnett and they were both grandchildren of Anthony Garnett. In
1834, Isaac and Anne Willis sold it to George Morton. In 1842, George
Morton sold it to Charles Moncure. The estate apparently contained 461
acres at that time. Charle Moncure built the current house in 1859. In
1912 Col. Joseph Wilmer sold the property to a Richard M. Brady. In
1934, the property was sold to Edward Stettinus, Jr., who was
Secretary of State under President Franklin Roosevelt. This was the
owner at the time Mary Lucetta Waggener and/or Lottie Halberstadt
visited it in the 1930's.
Further describing the house and estate: "Located about 12 miles south
of Culpepper an the east side of the road from Locust Dale to Rapidan,
the Horseshoe is one of the most beautiful old southern homes in
Virginia. Erected in 1859 by Charles P. Moncure an the site of the
original house, it commands a magnificent view across meadows to the
wooded hills beyond. Built in classical Georgian style, the formal
entrance fronts on a circular drive and on either side are two-story
white columned porches so typical of the Old South. One side looks out
over the lovely valley, the other leads to the formal gardens enclosed
by high boxwood hedges. The library is built on the foundation of the
According to tradition, Anthony Garnett was buried in the family
cemetery here, but since there is no headstone to mark his grave, it
is impossible to verify this."
Garnett, Anthony - vestryman, 1758 - Green's Notes p. 14
Garnett, Edmund 1765-1826 - W.P.A. - Garnett graveyard
Garnett, Mary - 1757-1841 Ibid.
Garnett, Reuben - 1753-1839 Ibid
Garnett, Tabitha - d. 1793 - Ibid.
Essex County, VA dated October 27, 1758 (Deed book #28, pg 115).
"Anthony Garnett and Elizabeth, his wife, of County of Culpeper and Colony of Virginia, to Richard Noell, of County of Essex, conveying two tracts of land, one of which descended to said Anthony Garnett as heir at law to his father Thomas Garnett, deceased, containing 150 acres. Also 30 acres which Anthony Garnett bought of John Garnett of said County of Essex; both tracts being adjacent to the lands of William Taylor, John Garnett, Sr., and William Dobson."
This deed, particularly in light of the noted 1747 deed, confirms that Anthony was the son of Thomas Garnett. The 30 acre parcel mentioned in this deed is clearly the same as is mentioned in the earlier deed, and it would seem likely that this 150 acre parcel includes the 100 acre parcel also mentioned in that deed. As mentioned, that land is part of
the 600 acre piece of land purchased in 1692, by Anthony's grandfather John Garnett, for his children. William Taylor is listed in a number of documents, as a neighbor and apparent close friend of the Garnetts.
He is probably the father of Sarah Taylor, who married James Garnett, half-brother of Anthony. At the time of this deed, 1758, Anthony and his family had been living in Culpeper County for about 17 years. They were apparently finally starting to dispose of the Essex County property around the time of this deed. (from Rick Waggener)
Ingram to Garnett
18 Oct. 1804: Culpeper Deed Book AA p. 250 (LDS microfilm #0030953): Jeremiah Ingram and Sarah [nee "Sally" Willis} his wife of Culpeper to Reuben Garnett [Sally's uncle} of same, for $5304, three adjoining tracts of land which also adjoin Reuben Garnett's land: (1) 180 acres conveyed to Jeremiah Ingram by Anthony Garnett 30 Jan 1789 where Jeremiah lives on Reuben Garnett's line and two former lines of Edmund Willis south side of Gains old road and near Tubb Spring; (2) 245 acres conveyed by Edmund Willis & wife Frances to Jeremiah Ingram 3 April 1794 running one one side along the land of Rueben Garnett and to 3 pines on the top of Cedar Run Mountain and along David Hudson's line; (3) conveyed to Jeremiah Ingram by Reuben Garnett 20 October 1800 beginning Garnett's line, then Ingram's line, then Gains line. WItness P. Hansbrough; Reuben Moore, Alex'r Downey, Nath'n Welch. [A large Jeremiah and Sally Ingram were among a group that made the trip from Culpeper County to Adair County, Kentucky, including Sally's sister Elizabeth Nancy (Willis) Waggener, wife of Herbert Green Waggener. State of Kentucky, Adair County, to wit on this 9th day of August 1832 personally appeared before the Justice of the Adair County Court. Jeremiah INGRAM, a resident of the county of Adair and State of Kentucky, aged 73 years, who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration In order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed June 1st, 1832. That he enlisted in the army of the United States in the year 1776 with Bines(?)JONES and served in the 15th Virginia Regiment, etc.] Also see, Guide to the Jeremiah Ingram Papers, 1796-1843 THE FILSON COLLECTION.
Ingram to Porter
Culpeper Deed Book ==, p. __, 14 Oct. 1803 (LDS Microfilm #__________):
William P. Ingram and Susannah his wife of the Commonwealth of Virginia and County of Culpeper of the one part and Thomas Porter, of same, $800 for land part of a larger tract of land on the waters of Rappahannock: Beginning at a large white oak corner to John Minor and Stephen Morrison thence with Morrisons line S 36 15 East poles to a dead pine corner to said Minor Morrison and Thomas Porter thence S48 E 80? Poles to a chestnut corner to said Minor Porter and Fielding Turner thence S54 W155 poles to a white oak on the east side of a branch thence N 17 "30" W 36 poles to a larger poplar on the east side of a branch N5 W 144 poles intersecting Taylors line near the same Cabbins thence thence to the line of her lot to the beginning. Containing two hundred acres be the same more or less together with all houses orchards way waters etc.
Spotswood to Garnett
A deed dated December 20, 1741 in Orange County (Deed Book #5, pg. 57). "Deed by Butler Spotswood et als., executors of will of Alexander Spotswood of Orange County, by which they conveyed to Anthony Garnett lands in the Spotsylvania Tract lying in Orange County, 150 acres in Parish of St. Mark, Orange County, "to have and
to hold the said lands unto Anthony Garnett and his assigns for and during his natural life and the natural lives of Robert Garnett and Thomas Garnett and for and during the natural lives of the longest liver of them" etc."
This deed seems to indicate the time when Anthony Garnett and Elizabeth moved from Essex to Orange (later Culpeper) County. The Robert and Thomas Garnett mentioned here are the two living sons of Anthony at the time, and were quite young. This is apparently the first component of what became known as "The Horseshoe Farm," near the Robinson and Rapidan Rivers. (from Rick Waggener)
Spotswood to Willis
13 April 1767 Culpeper Deed Book E p. 271: William Willis purchased land from Jno Spotswood's exec.
1804 Waggener to Patton
Source: Culpeper Co, Virginia, Deed Book Z, page 55, 16 October 1804: Herbert G. and Nancy (Willis) Waggener sell 1 parcel of 443 acres of land on which they then lived to Robert Patton for $1420 pounds current money of VA: transcribed from machine copy made from LDS Family Library Microfilm No. 0030953, Salt Lake City, Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1948.
This Indenture made this 16th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and four Between Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife of the County of Culpeper and State of Virginia of the one part and Robert Patton of the Town of Fredericksburg and state aforesaid of the other part Witnesseth that the said Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife for and in consideration of the full and Just sum of Fourteen hundred and Twenty pounds current money of Virginia, to them in hand paid by the said Robert Patton the receipt whereof they the said Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife, do hereby acknowledge have granted bargained and sold and by these presents do grant bargain and sell unto the said Robert Patton his heirs and assigns forever one certain track or parcel of land lying and being in the County of Culpeper where on they now live adjoining the lands of William Robertson John Jamison Peter Hansbrough & James Somerville, a part of the said tract was conveyed to the said Herbert G. Waggoner by the said James Somerville and a part by Jos. Wilkins which tract now sold has been lately resurveyed and Contains four hundred and forty three acres and bounds as follows: Beginning at a post oak and two Black Jack corner to ___space" formerly in Hansbroughs thence with his line North Twenty two and a half degrees West three hundred and forty four poles to a white oak in Robertsons line thence with his line South seventy nine Degrees East Eight poles to a white Oak, Corner to Robertson: Thence with his line North forty three and a half degrees East one hundred and twenty two poles and Eighteen links to two white oaks Corner to Robertson thence with his line North Seventy four and a half degrees East Eighty four poles to a small Elm and two Gums near a box Oak on a branch thence down the said Branch the __ corner thereof two box oaks on the South side of Cabin Branch Corner to James Somerville and John Jameson thence with Jamesons line South Twenty one Degrees East two hundred and Eighty two poles
Corner to Benjamin Willis thence with the said Willis line South Eighty six degrees West one hundred poles to the Beginning. Together with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging on in any wise appertaining and the reversion and reversionary remainders, and remainder rents aperes? And profits thereof and of every past and present thereof To have and to hold the said tract of land and all the appurtenances there by belonging on in any wise appurtaining until the said Robert Patton his heirs and assigns for ever and the said Herbert G. Waggener and Nancy his wife shall and will __ and forever defend the said tract of land and all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging on in any wise appertaining unto the said Robert Patton his hiers and assigns forever from the claim or claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever lawfully claiming the same or any part thereof and the said Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife do hereby Covenant and agree to and with the said Robert Patton his heirs and assigns that they have good right and lawful authority to sell and convey the aforesaid Tract of Land and all the appurtenances thereunto belonging in manner and form aforesaid and that they will at the reasonable request of the said Robert Patton his atto his heirs Executors or administrators make execute any further and other Deed or Deeds that may be necessary for the more full and complete conveying of the aforesaid land and premises. In Witness whereof the said Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife have hereunto set their hands and seals the day month and year first within written.
Acknowledged before Herbert G. Waggoner (SS)
Reuben Moore Nancy Waggoner (SS)
The Commonwealth of Virginia to Philip Slaughter Rueben Moore and John McNeale Gentlemen Greeting whereas Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife by their certain Indenture of Bargain and Sale, bearing date the Eighth of October 1804, have sold and conveyed until Robert Patton the fee simple Estate of Four hundred and forty three acres of land lying in the County of Culpeper and whereas the said Nancy cannot conveniently travel to our County Court at Culpeper to make, Acknowledgement of the Said Conveyances. Therefore, we do give unto you or any two or more of you, power to receive the said acknowledgment which she the said Nancy shall be willing to make before you of the Conveyance aforesaid contained in the said Indenture which is here unto assigned; and we do therefore command you that you do personally go to the said Nancy & receive her acknowledgement of the same and examine her privately and apart from the said Herbert G. Waggoner her Husband whether she doth the same freely and voluntarily without the persuasions or threats, and whether she be willing that the same should be recded in the County Court at Culpeper aforesaid; and when you have received her Acknowledgment examined her as aforesaid that you do distinctly and openly certify so therefore, our said County Court under your sale Sending then there the Said Indenture and this writ Witness John Jameson Clerk afore said County Court the 8th day of October 1804 and in the 29th year of the Commonwealth.
We the subscribers did personally go to the within named Nancy wife of the said Herbert G. Waggoner, and did examine her separate and apart from her said Husband __ the Acknowledgment fo the within mentioned Land and she declared that she acknowledges all her right and remainder and to the same __ and voluntarily without the persuasions or threats of her husband and that she is willing that the same shall be recorded in the County Court of Culpeper given under our hand and Seales this 8th day of October 1804.
Phil Slaughter (SS)
Reuben Moor (SS)
At a court held for Culpeper County the 15th day of October 1804
This Indenture of Bargain and sale from Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife to Robert Patton was proved by the oaths of Reuben Moore, John Grinnan and Philip Slaughter three of the Witnesses thereto which together with the commissioners thereto annexed and certificate __ consider the order to be recorded.
John Jameson, Ct: Cle
1804 Waggener to Willis
Source: Culpeper Co, Virginia, Deed Book AA, page 247, 8 October 1804: Herbert G. and Nancy (Willis) Waggener sell 1 parcel of 100 acres of land to Benjamin Willis, Sr. (Nancy's paternal uncle) for $100 pounds current money of VA: transcribed from machine copy made from LDS Family Library Microfilm No. 0030953, Salt Lake City, Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1948. [Comments: The spaces below are actual empty spaces in the written deed. The microfilmed version was poor and difficult to read. The sale was apparently part of H.G. and Nancy's preparation for moving to Kentucky the following Spring. It appears that by 16 April 1805 when Benjamin Willis, Sr., entered the document of sale in Court, that the Court decided not to accept the two witnesses without a third witness, who came forward in December 1805. This indicates that Herbert G. and Nancy Waggener were unavailable and had probably already moved from the area by 16 April 1805.]
This Indenture made the Sixteenth day of October one thousand Eight hundred and four Between Herbert G. Waggoner and his wife of the county of Culpeper of the one part; and Benjamin Willis Senr of the county of Orange of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife for and in Consideration of the Sum of one hundred pounds current money of Virginia to them in hand Paid, the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge, they Have granted bargained and Sold and by these presents do grant bargain and Sell unto the said Benjamin Willis Senr. One _- tract or parcel of Land Lying and being in the county of Culpeper, which said Land was purchased by the said Herbert G. Wagginer of Wilkins and is bounded as follows. The Beginning at a Post Oak and Hickory on the side of a mountain corner to Col. John Jameson; Thence with his line North 21 Degrees West 147 poles to in said Jameson's line corner to Robert Pattow thence with said Pattow line South 86 Degrees W 182 poles to Corner to said Pattow in Peter Hainsbaugh line thence with his line South 22 Degrees and East 46 poles to a post Oak and two black Sache in said Hainsbaugh line Corner to a tract of Land Generally called Adamses thence with their line North 86 degrees East 92 poles to a Post Oak Supposed cover to Adams thence with another of his lines South 20 Degrees. East 100 poles and one half pole to a black Oak his Corner in the said Willises land which Land he purchased of his Brother William Willis thence South 88 degrees East 88 poles to the beginning. Containing one hundred Acres together with all improvements and privileges to the same belonging or in any wise Appurtaining and the rents and Issues and Profits thereof. To have and To hold the said Tract or Parcel of Land and Premises with the Appurtenances unto the said Benjamin Willis his heirs and Assigns forever and the said Herbert G. Waggoner doth hereby Warrant and Defend the said Land and Premises free from any Incumbrance and from the claim or claims of all and Every person or persons whatsoever will warrant and for ever defend. In Witness whereof the said Herbert Wagginer and Nancy his wife have hereunto set their Hands and Seals. The day and year first above Written
Signed; Sealed and Delivered
In Presence of Herbert G. Waggoner (LS)
Duncan Campbell Nancy Waggoner (SL)
Joseph X Willis
At a Court held for Culpeper County the 16th of April 1805
This Indenture of Bargain and Sale from Herbert G. Waggoner and Nancy his wife to Benjamin Willis was partly proved by the Oathe of Duncan Campbell and John Willis and ordered to be certified-And at a court held for said County by the 16th of Dec. 1805 This said Indenture was fully proved by the oath of Joseph Willis another Witness Thereto and ordered to be Recorded.
John Jameson C????
1798 Wilkins to Waggener
Source: Culpeper Co, Virginia, Deed Book U, page 68, 17 September 1798: Herbert G. Waggener purchased 2 parcels of land from Joseph Wilkins for $700: (1) 54 acres and (2) 52 acres, transcribed from machine copy made from LDS Family Library Microfilm No. 0030950, Salt Lake City, Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1948.
This Indenture made this 17th day of September in the year of our Lord One Thousand and seven hundred and Ninety eight Between Joseph Wilkins and Sarah his wife of the County of Culpeper and state of Virginia of the one part and Herbert G. Waggoner of the County and State aforesaid on the other part Witnesseth that the said Joseph Wilkins and Sarah his wife for and in consideration of the sum of Seven hundred dollars Current money of Virginia the Receipt whereof the said Joseph Wilkins doth hereby acknowledge hath granted bargained and sold aliened? and confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain sell alien and confirm unto the said Herbert G. Waggener his heirs and assigns Two tracts or parcel of land lying and being in the County aforesaid and being part of a larger tract sold and conveyed unto Benjamin Hawkins by c Alexander Spotswood as by Indenture hearing date the Nineteenth day of December One thousand seven hundred and Seventy five and recorded in the Court of the said County of Culpeper one of which tracts of land (to which this one?) containing fifty-four acres more or less was bequeathed by the said Benjamin Hawkins, late dec.d to his son Benjamin Hawkins as will more fully appear by the Reference to the Will Record in Orange County Court who conveyed the same to Lewis Willis by Indenture bearing date the fifth day of November One thousand seven hundred Eighty eight and Recorded in the Court of the said County of Culpeper and by the said Lewis Willis Conveyed by Indenture bearing date the twenty fifth day of September in the year One Thousand seven hundred and ninety? six to the said Joseph Wilkins which said Indentures
to the Beginning at again and unreadable to end of line
degrees East Eighty seven poles to a small box oak and hickory on the side of Piney mountain thence et? with Eighty six degrees West Ninety poles to a pine ? black oak and past oak thence North twenty degrees West Eighty nine poles to a fence and black oak thence South Eighty six degrees East to the beginning containing fifty-two? Acres more or less the aflies? of which tract of land is apart of that tract conveyed to the said Benjamin Hawkins dec'd by the said Alexander Spotswood and devised to William Hawkins by ? Will of the said Benjamin Hawkins who sold the parcels to said Lewis Willis as such appears by an Indenture recorded in the Court of the said County of Culpeper and by the said Lewis Willis sold unto the said Joseph Wilkins and
bounded as fol. ?? Beginning at a fenced? black oak and past oak and running with Moses Hawkins line to the hickory saplins hence North fifty two degrees East seventy-two poles to two spanish oaks on the branch thence decase? the branch to a box and red oak thence South twenty degrees East three hundred and twenty seven poles to a box oak and gum thence North Eighty six degrees West to the beginning containing one hundred and fifty acres more or less together with the pieces ledges and advantages of the said track of land belonging on in any such appurtenances and the reversion and reversion remainders rents privileges and profits thereof To have and to hold the said two tracts or parcels of land and premises as unto the said Herbert G. Waggener his heirs and assigns forever to the only pro???? And ?? of the said Herbert G. Waggoner his heirs or assigns (next four lines unreadable)
[1st line unreadable]
and assigns forever free and clear and freely and clearly forever . And free and clear from the claims or alasses: of all and any ..or previous site? Forever. In Witness whereof the said Joseph Wilkins and Sarah his wife have hereunder set there hand and ass their seals the day and year above written.
Signed Sealed and delivered Joseph Wilkins (SS)
In presence of.. Sally Wilkins (SS)
Ab and held for Culpeper County the 17th day of September 1798.
This Indenture of Bargain and Sale from Joseph Wilkins and Sally his wife to Herbert G Waggoner was acknowledged by the said Joseph and Ordered to be Recorded c Such as a Court held for said County the 15th day of October 1798 The said Indenture was acknowledged by the said Sally she being first privately examined as the Law directs which is Ordered to be Certified.
John Jameson C. Clerk.
William WIllis Family Deeds and Tax Records in Culpeper County
13 April 1767 Culpeper Deed Book E p. 271: William Willis purchased land from Jno Spotswood's exec. William Willis owned about 2200 acres in Culpeper Co by the time he started selling land and gifting land to his children before moving to Kentucky. His home was called "Locust Grove", which he gave to his son "Captain Isaac Terrell Willis (1774-1867) who lived and died there. Isaac married Ann Garnett, daughter of Reuben and Mary (Twyman) Garnett of Quiet Shade, a Garnett home for more than 175 years. Larkinn Willis, one of Isaac's sons, had 21 children, half of whom were soldiers in the Civil War."
LDS Family Library, Microfilm #2024517, Culpeper County, Virginia: Personal Property Tax Lists (1782-1802).
1782 Personal Property Tax List of Culpeper County, Virginia: William Willis Sr. is listed with 1 white male over 21, 6 slaves (5 of them named Ag, Jude, Nat, Iba, and James), 7 horses, 19 cattle, and he paid taxes of 4 pounds, 8 shillings, and 9 pence.
1784 Lewis Willis transferred land to William Willis. p. 97.
1795 Benjamin Willis transferred land to William Willis Book S p. 399
1796 Lewis Willis transferred land to William Willis Book T p. 61.
1800 Tax List Culpeper County, District of Aaron Lane, Virginia, (The Virginia Genealogist, Vol 16, No. 4, Whole No. 64; pp. 270-280, Oct-Dec. 1972): Tithables: Williss, Wm: 3 white male, 10 horses owned, 6 slaves >16, 1 slaves <16.
1802 William Willis Sr. and wife transferred land to Sandy Willis Book X p. 98 gift; to Isaac Book X p. 100 gift.
1803 Tax List Culpeper County, District of William Bird, Virginia,
17 Sept. 1802 William Willis Sr. and wife transferred land to Sandy Willis Culpeper Book X p. 226 (acknowledgement)
From "The Kay-Pendleton-Neel Families" by George and Margaret Rose, 1969:
...At a court held for Culpeper County the 18th day of April 1803 this last will and Testament of James Waggener Dec., was exhibited to the Court and proved by the oaths of Robert Garnett and William Willis two of the witnesses thereto and ordered to be Recorded and on the motion of Thomas Waggener...
18 October 1804: Reuben Moore and P. Hansbrough certify that they have examined Elizabeth Willis and determined that she voluntarily relinquished her dower in the 400 acres William deeded to Sandy Willis in 1802. (Book X, p. 100 ) Culpeper Deed Book
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